Explained | Our Dictionary

Explained | Our Dictionary

Navigate using the letters below

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



A

Acetate
A man made yarn. When used in fabric, it is often very shiny and adversely affetcs how the fabric drapes.

Architrave
Timber moulding around the interior side of a window reveal or around a door.



B

Back-coating
Coating the reverse side of a fabric to change its properties (usually to make it meet fire retardancy requirements).

Barrier Cloth
A special interlining that covers upholstery fillings underneath the top fabric, to provide fire protection meeting the requirements of Schedule 3 of the Furnishings (Fire) Regulations.

Bent Track
Curtain track that is curved or has angled bends to fit around a window bay.

Blackout Lining
Lining that has been coated with a rubber-like finish on the reverse side to block light.

Bolster
Tube-shaped cushion or pillow, typically for bedding or for sofa ends.

Bonded Interlining
Man made interlining that has been stuck to the back of curtain lining. Used to give an extra layer for curtains, but not as complex as adding separate interlining. Can affect the way seams and hems look.

Buckram
Starched jute or cotton used for stiffening curtain headings, pelmets and tiebacks.

Bullion fringe
Deep thick fringe used on sofa bases, pelmets or heavy curtains.

Bump
Thick interlining.



C

Cartridge Pleats
Buckram heading with small pleats sewn in to a predetermined width. Looks a bit like the loops to hold shotgun cartridges on a belt.

Cleat
Pronged fitting around which a blind cord is secured in a figure-of-eight.

Composition
Fibre content of a fabric's yarns.

Cord Weight
Weight attached to track or blind cords to make them hang straight and untangled - usually brass or chrome.

Corded Track
Curtain track with a corded mechanism for opening and closing curtains.

Cornice
Decorative moulding between celing and walls.

Coving
Simple moulding between ceiling and walls.

Cross Lining
Wallpaper lining paper applied to the wall horizontally rather than vertically, to create a better surface for the wallpaper.



D

Divan Bed
Normal bed with an upholstered base. Come in a range of standard sizes with standard fixings for headboard struts.

Dormer
An attic window that projects from the roofline.

Dormer Rods
Hinged swinging arms for curtains, used in place of a conventional track or pole, particularly suited to dormer windows.

Dormer Window
Attic window that projects from the roofline.

Drop
A piece of fabric or wallpaper hung vertically, one fabric/wallpaper width wide, or the measurements of same.



E

Eyelet Heading
Large metal rings rivetted into the top of the curtain which are threaded onto a curtain pole of suitable diameter.

End Stops
The fixed eyes on the end of a curtain track that stop the gliders coming off and to which the outermost hook of the curtain attaches.



F

Finial
Decorative end to a curtain pole that also prevents the rings slipping off the end of the pole.

Finished Length
Length of completed curtain or blind from top extremity to bottom hem.

Finished width
The measurement from side to side of the completed blind or curtain - see also Gathered width.

Fullness
Ratio of the finished width of curtains to the pole or track width. Typically 2x to 2.5x for pleats and gathered headings, less for eyelets or tab tops.



G

Gathered Heading
Simple gathering tape is sewn onto the back of the curtain at the top, usually set down to form an upstand. The tape only has one row of hook pockets, so length calculations need to be very accurate.

Gathered Width
The measurement from side to side across the pleated or gathered curtain heading - for a pair of curtains usually half the pole width plus allowances for overlap, ease and returns.

Gliders
The little runners in a curtain trqack to which the curtain hooks are attached.

Goblet Pleat Heading
Curtain heading stiffened with buckram and pleated to a predetermined width with large pleats sewn in at their base and dressed to look like wine goblets.



H

Heading
The type of finish applied to the top of a curtain, for example, Pencil Tape, Pinch Pleat, Eyelet, Tab Top, Gathered.

Heading Height
Tape headings may be set down from the top of the curtain to achieve an upstand on the curtain - the height at which the heading tape is set will affect the size of the upstand.

Heading Tape
Woven pocketed tape that is applied to the back of the curtain heading to which the curtain hooks are attached.

Headrail
Rail to which a Roman Blind is fitted. This takes the place of the traditional wooden batten, which we still offer as an alternative.

Hem
The turned and stitched edge of a finished blind or curtain. Usually refers to the bottom edge. In curtain making, a generous hem allowance (up to 15cm, double turned) helps how the curtains hang and allows for lengthening the curtains if they shrink.

Holdbacks
Metal or wooden arm fixtures to hold curtains back from the window.

Hook Drop
Measurement from the eye of the pole ring/track glider to the bottom hem of the curtain.



I

Interlining
Blanket-like fabric incorporated between the curtain fabric and lining for a richer and warmer finish.



L

Leading Edge
The edge of a curtain on the side that draws across the window.

Lining
Plain fabric for backing curtains to give more body, better protection and a fuller look. The best is 100% cotton with a sateen weave and a fade-resistant treatment.

 



M

Modal
Similar to viscose, a manufuctured fibre from natural cellulose.



O

Overhang
Describes the amount by which a pole or track extends beyond the sides of the window opening. The greater the overhang, the more the curtains will clear the window when open, but if you make the pole too wide, you may need extra curtain widths to cover the opening.



P

Pattern Match
The way in which the fabric pattern matches to the next piece of fabric. Usually a "straight match" - that is, horizontally aligned across the fabric, but sometimes a "half-drop" where the join is half way up the pattern, or "staggered", where the join is at some other interval. The type of match will affect your quantity calculation.

Pattern Repeat (Horizontal)
The measurement between any point in a fabric's pattern and the point at which that same point in the pattern is repeated across the width of the fabric.

Pattern Repeat (Vertical)
The measurement between any point in a fabric's pattern and the point at which that same point in the pattern is repeated along the length of the fabric. When furnishers refer to pattern repeat, they usually mean vertical pattern repeat.

Pelmet
Deep cover boxed over the top of curtains which disguises the track and curtain head. Made by covering plywood, buckram or thick board with fabric. A soft gathered version of this is sometimes called a valance.

Pelmet Board
Board attached to the wall for mounting curtain track under and pelmet on front.

Pencil Pleat Heading
Gathered looking small pleats to the curtain heading. Made using the most common heading tape, usually about 7.5cm (3") deep is sewn on the back of the curtain at the top, and gathered into pleats using gathering strings set within the tape. There are usually 3 hook pockets to allow the curtain hooks to be set at different heights.

Penny weights
Traditional weights for sewing into the curtain hem. We put these in the corners and at each seam.

Pinch Pleat Heading
The curtain heading is stiffened with buckram then pleated into fixed pleats to a predetermined width. Usually triple pleats, but sometimes double pleats for less full curtains.

Piping
Fabric sewn around a length of cord then sewn into a seam to create a decorative edging.

Polyester
A man made yarn. Polyester content in fabric often causes the fabric to drape less well.

Puddling
Cascading of curtains onto the floor rather than hanging just to the floor. Also known as "Crashing".



R

Railroading
Using fabric on its side, i.e. using the width as the length. Some fabrics such as wide voiles and a few upholstery cloths are designed specifically to be used sideways.

Return
The part of a curtain or pelmet that "returns" back to the wall on each end. Returning curtains to the wall helps exclude light and gives a tidy finish.

Return Edge
The back edge of the curtain that remains fixed when the curtain is drawn across the window.

Reveal
The opening into which a window frame is fitted.

Roller Blind
Fabric on a roller fixed at the top of a window and pulled down to cover the window. Roller blinds can be operated by a spring mechanism or by a chain and ratchet system.

Roman Blind
Panel of fabric with strung horizontal rods attached to the lining on the back of the panel, such that when the strings are pulled up, the panel is raised to hang in tidy concertina folds.



S

Seam
Sewn joint between two pieces of fabric.

Selvedge
The narrow strip down each edge of a fabric, sometimes has printed info such as design name. The Selvedge can form part of a seam allowance but is not useable as a visible part of the fabric.

Sheer
Lightweight fabric with some degree of translucence, sometimes used for privacy as well as decorative purposes.

Sidewinder
Chain mechanism that attaches to a blind headrail for raising or lowering a blind.

Sill
The board or plaster "shelf" at the bottom of the window. Same as Cill.

Slotted heading
Channel sewn into the top of a curtain which threads over the curtain pole.

Soffit
Underside of the top of the reveal (opening) into which the window frame fits.

Splayed
As in splayed reveal. Where the sides of a window reveal are angled, admitting more light and improving the outlook from a window.

Split Batten
Batten that is sawn through at an angle to form a simple and effective two-part fixing for hanging things on walls.

Stackback
The width of curtaining when the curtain is in the open position. The wider the window, the greater the amount of fabric required to cover it and so the greater the stackback. When planning track or pole size, allow a greater width to preserve light if you will have a large stackback.

Struts
Legs, supports - as for headboards.

Swatch
Small fabric sample or cutting for checking colour, texture or design.

Swags and Tails
Highly ornate fabric treatment over a pair of curtains to give the illusion of a length of carefully draped fabric. A decorative alternative to a pelmet.



T

Tab Top Heading
Fabric "straps" are added to the top of the curtain and these are threaded onto the curtain pole.

Tiebacks
Rope ties, commonly with tassel decoration, wrapped around the curtain to hold it back to the side. Originally traditional loops of stiffened lined fabric.

Tieback hooks
Hooks attached to the wall to take tiebacks, for holding curtains back.

Top-fix
Fixing orientation. For example a curtain track can be face-fixed (to the wall or window frame) ot top-fixed to the ceiling or soffit.

Trimming
Decorative braid, fringe, ruche or other edging to finish the edges of curtains, blinds or upholstery.

Turnings
The fabric that is turned over at the top and the bottom of a curtain or blind. Add turnings to the finished length to calculate cut length.



U

Upstand
The amount by which the curtain top is higher than the hook or tape position.



V

Vinyl
As in vinyl wall covering. A polymer based material that is non-porous. Some wall papers also have a thin vinyl coating as a proptective layer.

Viscose
A manufactured fibre derived from natural product (cellulose). Adds strength to fabric but can reduce stability.

Voile
See Sheer.